Saturday, December 31, 2011

Interesting facts-Difference between Knowledge and Information

Difference Between Knowledge and Information

The human mind's content is based on the kinds of things that one interacts with on a daily basis. Many a time people perceive things based on either what they have seen, experienced, heard, read, learned or inferred after some experimentation. These perceptions are then categorized in the mind as data, information, knowledge, understanding or wisdom. Unlike wisdom, information and knowledge perceptions are as a result of what the brain has recorded in the past. That said, we need to know how knowledge differs from information (if it does) and if one can exist without the other.

Information refers to data that has been given some meaning by way of relational connection. In computing terms it is data that has been processed. The 'meaning' applied to the data may not necessarily be useful. For instance, data stored in a database can be processed by a procedure or a program to give information about something, for example a banking application can determine how a particular account balance increased by returning the record of the credit that occurred to that account using data stored in a database somewhere, so 'information' would have been retrieved about that transaction. It is important to know that without information, you will not have knowledge.


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